Ancient Greek soldiers also wore helmets to protect their heads during battle. A military formation that was developed by the Ancient Greeks and used heavily by Alexander the Great.
The phalanx consisted of a tight formation of soldiers armed with spears and carrying concave shields. The phalanx protected soldiers from the arrows and attacks of the enemy. The spears of the soldiers in the front rows of the phalanx were projected forwards to attack the enemy while the spears of the soldiers in the rear ranks were projected upwards to defend the phalanx from arrows and projectiles.
The Ballista was an ancient type of crossbow and was one of the most powerful weapons of Ancient Greece. The Ballista could fire many long range arrows at the same time and it was a weapon that was useful in attacking forts during sieges. Warships were important to Ancient Greek warfare because of the geography of Greece. Greece is surrounded by water. The earliest Ancient Greek warships were called pentekontors. They were long, narrow ships designed to go fast to overtake other ships and attack them.
Pentekontors had twenty five oarsmen on each side to row the ship. Faster warships, triremes, were developed Around BC that had seventy five oarsmen on each side and could go as fast as 14 knots in good weather. Ancient Greeks were very good at warfare.
They fought many wars both amongst themselves and against other countries. Mountains played a significant role in the development of Greece. The fact that the soil of Greece is rocky had a lot of implications. It limited the population because agricultural output was so low. It also caused the Greeks to look outside of its peninsula for colonies that possessed arable land. The mountains also worked as barriers to separate different areas.
This created regionalism, meaning different cities developed independently of one another. In this way, city-states grew autonomously and developed their own identities.
This would explain the marked contrast between the city-states of Sparta and Athens. The Greeks, living on a peninsula, looked to the seas to expand their populations. The development of advanced shipbuilding techniques enabled the Greeks to travel.
Information on ancient Greece and the ancient Greeks The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4, years ago. The Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and .
The Ancient Greece chapter of this AP World History Homework Help course helps students complete their ancient Greece homework and earn better grades.
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