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The Complete Guide to MLA & Citations

How the Modern Language Association Helps You Become a Responsible Researcher

❶Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited.

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An Annotated Bibliography Example
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Example of Annotated Bibliography MLA

Our site uses cookies to allow logged-in users to access member content and to personalize your experience. Each of the five units in the course presents a lesson, followed by progression questions to reinforce the lesson through active engagement with the bibliography, and a quiz. Students will receive a badge upon passing each quiz and a course-completion badge after completing all the lessons and passing all five quizzes.

Students can create a free account to take the course and start earning badges. Each module focuses on searching the bibliography for scholarly publications in one of four disciplines: Students who complete the new modules can earn badges in each of these four subject areas. Visit the course site to access the main course and new modules. Interested in other resources for teaching research and information literacy?

The MLA International Bibliography offers an extensive tutorial video series on searching the bibliography. New tutorials are released every few months. Please feel free to link to our tutorials, embed them in syllabi or LibGuides, and share them with anyone who might find them useful.

Since your library probably subscribes to many databases, it may provide a list of titles to navigate arranged alphabetically or by subject. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books , or watched a television series on Netflix.

It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc.

A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.

Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.

For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date.

When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. The location of an online work should include a URL. The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible.

The author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting.

If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information. The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time.

Accessed 4 May As mentioned above, while the eighth edition recommends including URLs when you cite online sources, you should always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion. A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source.

Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Wiley Online Library, doi: The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide your reader with a reference without interrupting your text.

Your readers should be able to follow the flow of your argument without becoming distracted by extra information. The current MLA guidelines teach a widely applicable skill. Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source. If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a list of works cited on your own.

Russell, Tony, et al.

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Now available: the MLA International Bibliography with Full Text on EBSCOhost. For more information, please visit the EBSCO Web site. The MLA International Bibliography is an essential tool for research in all aspects of modern languages and literature. Available as a searchable online database of.

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The Citation Machine MLA generator, which is an MLA citation website, will create all of your citations in just a few clicks. Click here to see more across the site. Also, check out this article to see MLA citation in the news. Basic Style for Citations of Electronic Sources (Including Online Databases) Here are some common features you should try to find before citing electronic sources in MLA style. Not every Web page will provide all of the following information.

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When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time. Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." Creating in-text citations using the eighth edition. The MLA has developed an online course to teach students how to use the MLA International Bibliography for college-level research. Each of the five units in the course presents a lesson, followed by progression questions to reinforce the lesson through active engagement with the bibliography.